How to Quote | Citing Quotes in Harvard & APA

Quoting means copying a passage of someone else’s words and crediting the source. To quote a source, you must ensure:

  • The quoted text is enclosed in quotation marks (usually single rather than double in British English) or formatted as a block quote
  • The original author is correctly cited
  • The text is identical to the original

The exact format of a quote depends on its length and on which referencing style you are using. Quoting and citing correctly is essential to avoid plagiarism.

Example: How to quote
Natural selection ‘can produce no great or sudden modification; it can act only by very short and slow steps’ (Darwin, 1859, p. 510).

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How to Paraphrase | Step-by-Step Guide & Examples

Paraphrasing means putting someone else’s ideas into your own words. Paraphrasing a source involves changing the wording while preserving the original meaning.

Paraphrasing is an alternative to quoting (copying someone’s exact words and putting them in quotation marks). In academic writing, it’s usually better to paraphrase instead of quoting. It shows that you have understood the source, reads more smoothly, and keeps your own voice front and center.

Every time you paraphrase, it’s important to cite the source. Also take care not to use wording that is too similar to the original. Otherwise, you could be at risk of committing plagiarism.

Continue reading: How to Paraphrase | Step-by-Step Guide & Examples