A quick guide to APA referencing

0APA 7th edition publication manualAPA Style is widely used by students, researchers, and professionals in the social and behavioural sciences. The Scribbr APA Reference Generator automatically generates accurate references and in-text citations for free.

This citation guide outlines the most important citation guidelines from the 7th edition APA Publication Manual (2020). Scribbr also offers free guides for the older APA 6th edition, MLA Style, and Chicago Style.

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The most common types of plagiarism explained

All types of plagiarism can roughly be divided into three categories. As long as you avoid those three things you don’t commit plagiarism.

  1. Using someone else’s ideas without attribution
  2. Using someone else’s words without attribution
  3. Citing the source incorrectly

The most common types of plagiarism are:

Type of plagiarism Severity
Paraphrasing plagiarism Severe
Mosaic plagiarism Serious
Verbatim plagiarism Serious
Global plagiarism Severe
Self-plagiarism Moderate
Incorrect citation Moderate
Non-existent source Severe

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Dissertation binding and printing

Your dissertation is finally finished, you got it proofread and checked for plagiarism. The final step is printing your dissertation, which means choosing between:

  • Types of binding
  • Colour vs. black & white
  • Single vs. double sided
  • Paper type and thickness

You also need to decide which printing and binding service to use. This independent article explains all options and helps you make the right decisions.

Overview of printing services

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What is self-plagiarism?

Self-plagiarism is the act of either presenting a previously submitted work or large chunks of a previously submitted work as completely brand new.

In the broadest sense, self-plagiarism goes against the expectation of your professors or readers that the work you are presenting is completely new and original.

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How to avoid plagiarism

Plagiarism means using someone else’s words or ideas without properly crediting the original author. Sometimes plagiarism involves deliberately stealing someone’s work, but often it happens accidentally, through carelessness or forgetfulness.

When you write an academic paper, you build upon the work of others and use various sources for information and evidence. To avoid plagiarism, you need to correctly incorporate these sources into your text.

Follow these four steps to ensure your paper is free from plagiarism:

  1. Keep track of the sources you consult in your research.
  2. Paraphrase or quote from your sources (and add your own ideas).
  3. Credit the original author in an in-text citation and reference list.
  4. Use a plagiarism checker before you submit.

Plagiarism can have serious consequences, so make sure to follow these steps for every paper you write.

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