How to Write a Conclusion Using ChatGPT | Tips & Examples

A good conclusion is a key part of any essay or dissertation. It summarises your main arguments and highlights the implications of your research.

Your conclusion should accurately reflect your own research and findings. However, AI tools like ChatGPT can be be used during the writing process to:

  • Develop an outline for your conclusion
  • Summarise text
  • Paraphrase text
  • Provide feedback
Note
Universities and other institutions are still developing their stances on how ChatGPT and similar tools may be used. Always follow your institution’s guidelines over any suggestions you read online. Check out our guide to current university policies on AI writing for more information.

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Developing a conclusion outline

The conclusion is one of the last parts you write. This allows you to give a comprehensive overview of your research and indicate the most important outcomes in a logical order.

You can use generative AI tools like ChatGPT to develop potential outlines for your conclusion. To do this, include a short overview of your research paper, including your research question, central arguments, and key findings. For longer essays or dissertations, you might also mention chapter or section titles.

Use the ChatGPT output as a source of inspiration and rearrange or edit it to ensure it reflects the body of your essay.

  • Develop an outline for an essay conclusion. The essay is a 1,500 word expository essay on the role of popular magazines in the U.S. during the nineteenth and twentieth century. It argues that popular magazines played a major role in the development of a national identity and the growth of consumer culture.
    1. Introduction
      1. Briefly restate the main topic and the thesis statement
      2. Recap the main points discussed in the essay
    2. Role of Popular Magazines in the U.S. during the Nineteenth Century
      1. Discuss the emergence of popular magazines in the 19th century
      2. Highlight their role in disseminating information and shaping public opinion
      3. Explore how they contributed to the formation of a national identity
    3. Role of Popular Magazines in the U.S. during the Twentieth Century
      1. Analyse the transformation of popular magazines in the 20th century
      2. Examine their impact on consumer culture and the rise of consumerism
      3. Discuss how they reflected and influenced societal values and trends
    4. The Development of a National Identity through Popular Magazines
      1. Discuss the role of popular magazines in promoting American values and ideals
      2. Analyse how they fostered a sense of unity and shared experiences among diverse populations
      3. Explore their contribution to shaping the American identity on a broader scale
    5. The Growth of Consumer Culture through Popular Magazines
      1. Examine how popular magazines fueled consumerism through advertisements and editorials
      2. Discuss the portrayal of materialism and its impact on society
      3. Evaluate the consequences of consumer culture on the economy and lifestyle
    6. The Interconnection between National Identity and Consumer Culture
      1. Explore how the development of a national identity and consumer culture influenced each other
      2. Discuss the feedback loop between popular magazines, consumerism, and American identity
      3. Highlight the interconnectedness of these two phenomena and their lasting impact
    7. Conclusion
      • Summarise the main arguments made in the essay
      • Reiterate the role of popular magazines in shaping a national identity and consumer culture
      • Emphasise the importance of understanding their historical significance in modern society
      • Offer a closing thought or call to action for further exploration of this topic

    Remember, this is just an outline, and you can modify and expand each section based on the specific details and emphasis you want to give to your essay.

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Summarising your arguments

Throughout your conclusion, you’ll summarise your central arguments and findings.

You can use AI tools like ChatGPT to condense your writing to its most important points. Copy and paste sections of your essay into ChatGPT and prompt the tool to summarise the text.

However, it’s important to bear in mind that ChatGPT outputs are not always trustworthy and may contain inaccuracies. Carefully review the output to ensure it meets your needs and accurately reflects the original text.

You can also use a tool like Scribbr’s free text summariser, which is designed specifically for this purpose.

  • Provide a one-line summary of the following paragraph: “By disseminating information on a wide range of topics, from political events to cultural trends, these magazines served as a powerful vehicle for promoting shared knowledge and values among diverse communities. Moreover, they acted as cultural touchstones, reflecting and shaping societal norms, aspirations, and dreams. As they presented a curated representation of American life and aspirations, they effectively contributed to the forging of a cohesive national narrative.”
  • Popular magazines in the U.S. played a significant role in promoting shared knowledge, values, and a cohesive national narrative by disseminating diverse information and serving as cultural touchstones.
Note
Passing off ChatGPT outputs as your own work may be considered plagiarism (or at least academic dishonesty). This offense may be detected using AI detectors. Instead, use ChatGPT outputs as a source of inspiration to help you clearly express your key arguments and findings in your own words.

Paraphrasing text

When writing your conclusion, you may find it difficult to describe the content of your essay in an original way.

You can use ChatGPT to paraphrase text in clear, accessible language. This can help you to avoid repetition and effectively communicate your ideas.

Alternatively, you can use a specialized tool like Scribbr’s free paraphrasing tool, which provides a smoother user experience.

  • Paraphrase the following sentence: “As these magazines gained widespread circulation, they transcended traditional barriers of class, geography, and education, reaching a vast and diverse audience across the nation.”
  • As these magazines became widely circulated, they surpassed conventional boundaries related to class, geography, and education, effectively reaching a broad and varied audience nationwide.
Note
It’s important to understand how to use ChatGPT safely. ChatGPT outputs are generally stored for the purposes of training future models and may be reproduced by the tool in its later responses. Don’t input sensitive or personal information.

Generating feedback

When you’ve finished writing your conclusion, you can prompt ChatGPT to review your work and suggest corrections. You can be as specific as you like, mentioning aspects such as tone, clarity, and coherence of structure.

You can also use ChatGPT as a grammar and punctuation checker. However, it’s not designed specifically for this purpose and sometimes misses errors. Alternatively, you can use a more specialised tool like Scribbr’s free grammar checker. Or, for more in-depth feedback, try Scribbr’s proofreading and editing service.

  • Provide feedback on the above text with regard to tone, clarity, and coherence of structure.
  • Overall, the provided conclusion demonstrates a well-structured and coherent narrative that effectively summarises the main points discussed in the essay. The tone is appropriately formal and academic, fitting for an expository essay. The language used is clear and concise, making the content easily understandable for the reader.
    In terms of tone, the conclusion maintains an objective and informative tone, which is appropriate for an academic essay. However, there is an opportunity to inject more enthusiasm or a sense of significance into the concluding statements to leave a lasting impact on the reader.
    In terms of clarity, the conclusion effectively restates the main arguments made in the essay and provides a clear summary of the roles of popular magazines in shaping national identity and consumer culture. However, there is room to enhance clarity by further emphasizing the specific evidence or examples used to support these arguments.
    In terms of coherence of structure, the conclusion maintains a logical flow and effectively ties together the main points discussed in the essay. It begins by restating the main theme and thesis, then proceeds to recap the key arguments and their significance. However, it may be beneficial to introduce more transitional phrases or sentences to enhance the overall flow and cohesion.
    Overall, the conclusion is well-crafted, but to further improve it, consider incorporating more emotional resonance, reinforcing the importance of the findings, and polishing the use of transitional elements for a smoother reading experience.
Note
ChatGPT is useful for receiving quick preliminary feedback on your writing. However, it should not be used as a substitute for an experienced academic advisor. When possible, seek the advice of your professor or supervisor instead of using ChatGPT.

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Other interesting articles

If you want to know more about ChatGPT, AI tools, fallacies, and research bias, make sure to check out some of our other articles with explanations and examples.

Frequently asked questions

Can I have ChatGPT write my paper?

No, it’s not a good idea to do so in general—first, because it’s normally considered plagiarism or academic dishonesty to represent someone else’s work as your own (even if that “someone” is an AI language model). Even if you cite ChatGPT, you’ll still be penalized unless this is specifically allowed by your university. Institutions may use AI detectors to enforce these rules.

Second, ChatGPT can recombine existing texts, but it cannot really generate new knowledge. And it lacks specialist knowledge of academic topics. Therefore, it is not possible to obtain original research results, and the text produced may contain factual errors.

However, you can usually still use ChatGPT for assignments in other ways, as a source of inspiration and feedback.

Can ChatGPT summarise text?

Yes, you can use ChatGPT to summarise text. This can help you understand complex information more easily, summarise the central argument of your own paper, or clarify your research question.

You can also use Scribbr’s free text summariser, which is designed specifically for this purpose.

Can ChatGPT paraphrase text?

Yes, you can use ChatGPT to paraphrase text to help you express your ideas more clearly, explore different ways of phrasing your arguments, and avoid repetition.

However, it’s not specifically designed for this purpose. We recommend using a specialised tool like Scribbr’s free paraphrasing tool, which will provide a smoother user experience.

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Driessen, K. (2023, July 20). How to Write a Conclusion Using ChatGPT | Tips & Examples. Scribbr. Retrieved 18 June 2024, from https://www.scribbr.co.uk/using-ai-tools/chatgpt-conclusions/

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Koen Driessen

Koen has written multiple theses and founded, together with Bas and Richard, the thesis editing company Scribbr in 2012.

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