Why does construct validity matter?

When designing or evaluating a measure, construct validity helps you ensure you’re actually measuring the construct you’re interested in. If you don’t have construct validity, you may inadvertently measure unrelated or distinct constructs and lose precision in your research.

Construct validity is often considered the overarching type of measurement validity,  because it covers all of the other types. You need to have face validity, content validity, and criterion validity to achieve construct validity.